Know the various aspects of breast cancer

Know the various aspects of breast cancer

Breast cancer is a common form of the condition. It develops due to the presence of cancerous cells in the organ, which metastasize at a rapid rate. Though it can affect both men and women, it is more commonly diagnosed in women. This article will discuss the causes of breast cancer, its symptoms, treatment, remedies, and food plans. In case you suspect any of the symptoms mentioned, it is imperative to consult a doctor immediately.

Signs and symptoms of breast cancer

A newly inverted nipple

A hard lump that feels different from the surrounding tissue

Change in the shape, size, and structure of the breast

Changes in the skin of the breast

Scaling, crusting, peeling, etc. in the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple or the skin of the breast

Redness in the skin

Causes of breast cancer
There is no direct cause of breast cancer. When some breast cells begin to grow abnormally, these cells divide more than healthy cells do. When they start to accumulate, they form a lump and spread through your breast to your lymph nodes. Breast cancer cells begin in the cells of the milk-producing ducts and in the glandular tissue called lobules. It has been seen that environmental factors, lifestyle, and hormonal issues can increase the risk of breast cancer. Some other risk factors that can make you more prone to this condition are gender, age, history of breast cancer in the family, inherited genes, radiation exposure, obesity, a pregnancy late in life, the commencement of menopause later than the average age.

Treatment of breast cancer
There can be many breast cancer treatment options, such as chemotherapy, surgery, hormone therapy, radiation therapy, targeted drug therapy, and immunotherapy. The right treatment option depends upon your condition and the severity of the disease. Some other factors, such as the location and size of the tumor, the results of your lab tests, and whether cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body also have a role to play in determining your treatment plan. The procedures will be determined by your doctor depending on your condition. You might receive a combination of treatments as well.

Surgery for breast cancer
Breast cancer surgery involves removing the cancerous portion of your breast and also the area that surrounds the tumor. Various types of surgeries that could be used are:

Lumpectomy
It is used to remove the tumor and a small part of healthy tissue. Some portion of your breast is taken for examination.

Sentinel node biopsy
It is used to prevent the unnecessary removal of large nodes that are not a part of cancer.

Mastectomy
In a modified radical mastectomy, your entire breast is removed along with your nipple. In a radical mastectomy, the surgeon removes your breast, nipple, underarm lymph nodes, and chest wall muscles.

Axillary lymph node dissection
In this procedure, the lymph nodes under the arm are removed.

Meal plans for breast cancer
If you improve your food habits, you can improve your overall health, and reduce the risk of cancer. Having said this, even if you consume a healthy diet, you still need breast cancer screenings, including physical checks and mammograms. You can lower the risk of the disease by consuming green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, berries, peaches, and apples, fatty fish, fermented foods, beans, and some herbs and spices such as rosemary, parsley, thyme, curry, and ginger.

You should avoid food and beverages such as alcohol, fried foods, fast foods, foods with added sugar, processed meat, and refined carbs.

Conclusion
There is no doubt that consuming a healthy diet can reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as breast cancer. You should also engage in regular exercises, get enough rest, and abstain from any addictive substances. You should also try to maintain a healthy BMI and reduce your exposure to certain pesticides. It is recommended to opt for natural skincare to decrease the risk of breast cancer. Regular medical appointments and breast cancer screenings are also important for early diagnosis and detection of the disease. In case you notice any unusual signs and symptoms that concern your health it is always best to get in touch with your doctor.